Jeremiah speaks to the people again. He recaps the opportunities that the people had to repent and see the error of their idolatrous ways, and the many chances that they squandered. And then, the punishment. “And all this land shall become waste [and] desolation, and these nations shall serve the king of Babylon for seventy years (Jeremiah 25:11).” After the seventy year punishment has been served, God will come save the people and destroy the Babylonians. It’s not clear why the Babylonians merit this kind of destruction, and why they’re the nation that has been dragged into this, as opposed to Egypt or Moab or anyone else in the region. Will the Babylonians deserve what’s coming to them because of the way that they’ll treat the Israelites, similar to what happened to the Egyptians? Or have they already sealed their fate for some other reason?